Labour tenants, Land News

Court case could hold the key to land reform: could new political will for land reform provide renewed hope?


Arriving B&WBy Laurel Oettle

First published in the The Witness on Monday 19th March 2018.


Our collective consciousness in South Africa has been gradually consumed in the past few months by the increasingly solid spectre of land expropriation without compensation. From the debates around whether it is necessary to amend the Constitution when it already explicitly allows for “just and equitable” compensation, which can very reasonably in some cases be argued to be extremely low or indeed zero, to the uncertainly about whether this means an opportunity to finally heal our past and secure our most vulnerable citizens or will give the State too much power which may well be abused, we all have our own opinions, fears, and hopes.

The Supreme Court of Appeals heard arguments on Tuesday (March 13, 2018) in a case that speaks to the heart of some of these concerns, and we should all be keeping a watchful eye on how the new leadership will respond to cases such as this one, which offer us immediate and keen insight into what kind of change might be on the horizon, and whether we should allow ourselves renewed hope. The case is a long-running class action battle between the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform and a class of citizens known as Labour Tenants. Labour Tenants historically provided unpaid labour to commercial farmers in return for rights to live, crop and graze their animals on small portions of land, as their parents and, in many cases, grandparents did before them.

More than 20 years after an Act of Parliament specifically written to protect the rights of Labour Tenants was passed, and opened the door for them to apply for ownership of the land on which they live, the lack of implementation of this Act has meant that Labour Tenants have continued to live with insecure tenure and limited access basic services because of lack of ownership and control.

Although this case has dragged on since 2013, it has risen higher and higher in national debates and consciousness over the past couple of years for a number of reasons. One of these is that it highlights the very visible failures of land reform to bring either historical redress or begin to change the current highly unequal and racialized relationships between predominantly white land owners and their poor, black tenants. Secondly, the case introduced, in 2017, an innovative new legal mechanism to hold Government to account when it fails repeatedly to adhere to Court orders and implement legislation. Known as a ‘Special Master,’ this would be an independent person who is appointed by, and reports to, the court. Their duty is to assist the court to implement a complex order. The Special Master is not an advocate for the claimants or for the government, but an agent of the court. It was shown that a Special Master “would be a problem solver, a solution finder” to the seemingly intractable failures of the Department.


Furthermore, as more and more labour tenant claimants die each year with their claims unprocessed, the time delays begin to take a very human, and deeply haunting, toll. One of the icons of the Labour Tenant struggle has become the humble figure of Zabalaza Mshengu, who is now 104 years old and continues to live in dire poverty in Ashburton, just outside Pietermaritzburg. While his story has been told and re-told in local and national media, from Noseweek to Special Assignment on SABC3, and despite being declared a Labour Tenant in Court in 2007, and the Court ordering yet again in 2011 that the land on which he lives must be transferred to him, he remains an ill, tired old man hanging on to life in a hut that is crumbling around him, hoping day after day that he will receive his title deed before he dies.

What, then, are we to make of the each of the many thousands of stories we can tell that show that legal processes, ongoing advocacy by non-governmental organisations, media coverage and public outcry have not been enough to bring the change so many dream of? If we pull ourselves through the quagmire of organisational dysfunction and limited land reform budgets, the looming darkness of political will always awaits us.

In Court on Tuesday Justice Willis noted that, “Any reasonably informed person in South Africa knows of the failures of Land Reform,” and Justice Mocumie followed this up by stating that, “We need to say to ordinary people that we do understand their impatience  that as Government we did take responsibility to give you your land back.” When Advocate Alan Dodson delivered his responding arguments on behalf of Labour Tenants later in the day, he picked up this theme and pointed out to the panel of judges that this case represents “A legal crisis, a human crisis, but perhaps in a secondary way a political crisis.” This theme became more explicit as the Court proceedings continued, with Justice Willis reaching the heart of the matter when he said, “Ultimately it’s a political problem that needs to be solved politically.”

Given that a critical analysis is likely to lead any objective observer to the conclusion that changing South Africa’s Constitution is unnecessary to advance progressive land reform, and given that the findings and recommendations of Parliament’s High Level Panel on the Assessment of Key Legislation and Acceleration of Fundamental Change released in late 2017 indicate that it is certainly not any failures within the Constitution that have been holding back the effective implementation of pro-poor land reform, what indications do we have that there has truly been the shift in political will needed to bring the fundamental change required to bring us into a new era?

An opportunity has opened for us to begin to see if the murmurings of change that are being whispered in the corridors of power can bring about real change in the daily lives of South Africans. The Supreme Court judges concluded on Tuesday by suggesting that the original applicants in the case, namely labour tenants and the Pietermaritzburg-based NGO the Association for Rural Advancement (AFRA), represented by the Legal Resources Centre (LRC), sit down and see whether they can come to an agreement with the State regarding the concrete application of the concept of a Special Master to oversee the processing of Labour Tenant claims. If, however, the parties fail to reach agreement in the coming four weeks, the court will proceed to give its judgment on the Appeal. This has opened an opportunity for the State to show its willingness to work with and not against its citizens, and civil society, as our new President has indicated he wishes to do. Let us all eagerly watch what unfolds, and hope that there might, indeed, be a new dawn on the horizon for South Africa.

Laurel Oettle is the Director at the Association for Rural Advancement (AFRA)

Labour tenants, Land News

[Press Release] Is a new era for Land Reform beginning?


In a case that encapsulates the issues currently gripping South Africans, the Supreme Court of Appeal (SCA) heard arguments yesterday in the ongoing class action lawsuit between labour tenants and the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform (DRDLR). The country as a whole is looking to see if the promises made by our new President, of an accountable Government that will uphold the rule of law and finally take land reform forward, will be matched by decisive action.

In this latest round of court battle, a judgement handed down by Judge Ncube in the Land Claims Court on 8th December 2016 ordering the swift appointment of a Special Master of Labour Tenants to oversee the DRDLR’s implementation of the Land Reform (Labour Tenants) Act of 1996 was being appealed by the DRDLR, who were found to be in contempt of numerous Court Orders and in contravention of the provisions of the Labour Tenants Act.

The Land Claims Court found that not only had the Minister, the Director General and the DRDLR failed to protect the rights of labour tenants, but that they had also proved to be incapable of adhering to the necessary remedies prescribed by the Court. In an unprecedentedly bold step the Court found in favour of the labour tenants’ application to have a Special Master appointed to oversee the processing of labour tenants’ claims, some 11,000 of which remain incomplete since the closing date in 2001.

Yesterday, the SCA also heard arguments on whether the now former Minister of Rural Development and Land Reform, Gugile Nkwinti, should be held in contempt of court because of his unilateral decision to establish a forum of Labour Tenants without consultation with the parties in the case, despite the premise of a court order being that the establishment of this forum would be negotiated.

All five of the judges in the SCA were deeply concerned about the unconscionable delays in the processing of Labour Tenants claims, which undermines the fundamental rights guaranteed to them within South Africa’s Constitution. Their concern was that, while effective relief is undoubtedly required, the Land Claims Court may have overstepped its mandate in granting the Special Master as many powers as they did.

The judges suggested that the original applicants in the case, namely labour tenants, working with Pietermaritzburg-based NGO the Association for Rural Advancement (AFRA) and represented by the Legal Resources Centre (LRC) sit down and see whether they can come to an agreement with the State regarding the concrete application of the concept of the Special Master to oversee the process. If, however, the parties fail to reach agree in the coming four weeks, the court will proceed to give its judgment on the Appeal.

On the matter of holding the former Minister in contempt of court, the court pointed out that there is now a new minister and questioned if, given that the parties are trying to find each other, an order that says the minister was in contempt of the court might indeed be helpful at this stage.

Speaking to Labour Tenants outside the court following the proceedings, Advocate Alan Dodson, who had led the LRC’s legal team, reassured the Labour Tenants present: “Let me give you absolute assurance – the interests of Labour Tenants are paramount and we will make sure that with any settlement negotiations the rights of Labour Tenants are adequately protected. We want Labour Tenants to be absolutely clear that whatever is either ruled in by the court or settled, Labour Tenant claims must be processed. The beauty of a settlement is that it will bring the court case to an end and the focus would move to the processing of claims.”

The next four weeks will reveal the extent to which the new leadership of our country is willing to address the errors of the past, take accountability for their duties towards fulfilling the promises made to our most vulnerable citizens, and bring clear, constructive proposals to the table to effectively take land reform forward.

AFRA and labour tenants remain willing to contribute to a constructive, effective, speedy and well-resourced framework within the parameters of the law which will finally process all outstanding claims and create a better life for all.


Issued by the Association For Rural Advancement (AFRA). For more information contact Nokuthula Mthimunye on ‪ or ‪076 764 7110. Twitter @AFRAKZN

AFRA News, Labour tenants, Land News

A New Dawn for Labour Tenants?


The Supreme Court of Appeal will, on the 13th March 2018, hear arguments in the ongoing class action lawsuits between labour tenants and the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform (DRDLR). In this latest court battle, the judgement handed down by Judge Ncube in the Land Claims Court on 8th December 2016 is being appealed by the DRDLR, who were found to be in contempt of numerous Court Orders and in contravention of the provisions of the Labour Tenants (Land Reform) Act of 1996. The Land Claims Court found that not only had the Minister, the Director General and the department failed to protect the rights of labour tenants, but that they had also proved to be incapable of adhering to the necessary remedies prescribed by the Court.

In an unprecedentedly bold step the Court found in favour of the labour tenants’ application to have a Special Master appointed to oversee the processing of labour tenants’ claims, some 11,000 of which remain incomplete since the closing date in 2001.

The 17 year wait for progress has frustrated those who remain insecure on the land of their ancestors. Many have died, with many more forced away from their ancestral homes as land owners have sought to remove them. The total breakdown of the processing of claims lies squarely with the Department, whose principal head until this week’s cabinet reshuffle, Minister Nkwinti, remained stubbornly opposed to the provisions of the Act which provide individual title to the successful claimants for apparent political/ideological reasons.

As South Africans celebrate the end of the catastrophic error which was the Zuma administration, many are looking forward to the governing party, the ANC, implementing its promise to uphold the rule of law by adhering too and abiding by Court judgements, orders and the time-frames contained therein. It is hoped that the new Minister for Rural Development and Land Reform, Ms Maite Nkoana-Mashabane and her department will be included in this directive from President Ramaphosa, and that the findings of the Supreme Court of Appeal will be honoured, accepted and adhered to by the Minister.

As Minister Nkwinti frivolously abused tax payers’ monies and disavowed his oath of office for egotistical purposes, the plight of labour tenants continued to worsen. The very claimants in whose name the class action was brought find themselves increasingly victimized by the Hiltonian Society, the owners of the most expensive private school in South Africa. The school wealth has no compunction in victimizing the claimants and their families as it tightens controls within its internal ghetto, more and more resembling a concentration camp. Under new rules imposed by Hilton College, the labour tenant community are told that:

  • All births need to be reported to the manager of the Estate.
  • All houses that are on the Estate belong to the Estate and no one is allowed to renovate the houses or extend.

The daily harassment and indignity suffered by labour tenants is designed only for the purpose of creating conditions so unbearable that they, like so many others, have no choice but to leave their homes.  If a new dawn is to rise for all our citizens, then the Supreme Court of Appeals must find in favour of the labour tenant applicants in this matter and uphold Judge Ncube’s finding to appoint a Special Master of Labour Tenants to supervise and oversee the implementation of the Act by the department.

Will there be a new dawn for labour tenants? If a new dawn is to rise for the dignity and security of tenure for labour tenants and their families, the President and his administration must adhere to the Court Order and let the promise of renewal become the reality of justice for labour tenants.

Kuntwela Ezansi Ezimpilweni Zabakhonzi!

Let a New Day Dawn!


AFRA News, Land News



One of our recent stakeholder engagements in our Pathways Project focused on the issue of farm dweller access to services on farms. It has led to a number of follow up initiatives, one of which was interviewing a farmer and farm workers about the provision of land and housing on a farm in Nottingham Road. The Pathways Project is identifying a range of different options for improving farm dweller tenure security and access to services and housing, including farmer led strategies.

A ‘Dialogue on Services,’ held on the 7 December 2017, occurred between a wide range of stakeholders and was led by an independent facilitator. The Dialogue was an open discussion aimed at finding solutions to the issue of basic service delivery on farms.

The context for the Dialogue is that the provision of services on private land remains a contested issue, despite the provisions of the Constitution (See resource document: Improving Farm Dwellers’ Tenure Security and Access to Housing and Services . Local government carries the central mandate for ensuring that people within its area of jurisdiction are provided with basic municipal services, including water, electricity and sanitation. However, in practice most municipalities are not providing farm dwellers and labour tenants with access to water, adequate sanitation and refuse collection. Furthermore, farm dwellers report to AFRA that municipal officials inform them that the problem lies with farm owners who prevent officials from gaining access to their farms, thereby obstructing them from providing basic municipal services to farm dwellers.

We heard a variety of inputs from a diverse range of participants including farm dwellers, farmer associations, the district municipality, the provincial departments of Rural Development and Land Reform and of Agriculture and the Mayor of Mpendle Local Municipality.

The following issues are among the most significant raised by Dialogue participants:

  • Social conflict between farmers and farm dwellers;
  • Limited opportunities for farm dwellers to voice their concerns;
  • The importance of legal awareness but examples of poor services provided by lawyers;
  • Loss of dignity for farmworkers in both their living conditions and the manner in which they are treated on farms;
  • Agricultural dynamics such as drastic changes in the dairy sector.

Perhaps most significantly, all participant agreed on the importance of communicating and collaborating with each other. Farmer representatives showed a willingness to engage on solutions to the questions of services and land rights, highlighting that “good stories” of more progressive land owners exist and that improved relations benefited everybody on farms.

Two of the significant outcomes were that the district IDP Manager, Prince Fakude, undertook to request at the Mayor’s Forum that the district municipality take forward the initiative to engage with stakeholders and that one of the farmers present, John Bates, invited participants to visit his farm to observe first-hand the housing development project on his farm.

We are following up with Mr Fakude about the role that uMgungundlovu District Municipality can play convening a platform for farm dweller, farm owner and municipal engagement and we took up the offer to visit the farm in Nottingham Road in January this year.

AFRA researchers interviewed John Bates at his farm, Fordoun and two farm workers, Gladys and Norah, who live in the housing development project that he presented at the Dialogue. The following photographs provide a visual idea of what we saw. We will continue to research this, and a selection of other, farm owner initiatives by speaking to farm owners and farm dwellers in the next few months.


The farm dweller households at Fordoun have relocated three times on the farm from houses that they had built themselves made from mud, into brick houses that were built by the previous farm owner which had electricity and water and, finally, they moved to the small settlement above which consists of 17 houses on a portion of subdivided land on the edge of the farm adjacent to the road. Farm dweller families identified and agreed to an individual title holder who received ownership of the property. Community members can sell their houses after a 15-year period has elapsed. Before selling, they would have to consult with the other community members, who would have a first right of refusal. They also identified a second family member who would be next in line for succession. property. The project received a government human settlement subsidy. Some of the farm dwellers living here work on the farm while others do not.

There are ancestral graves on the farm which are protected by, for example, the planting of shrubs around the graves. Norah has more than 25 family graves on the farm. Farm dwellers cannot bury their dead on their properties anymore. Some people have built a home for their ancestors on the new properties as the graves are located elsewhere on the farm.

Some people have livestock on the property but their cattle are kept with the land owner’s cattle. They have access to grazing grounds on the farm for their goats. Some people have vegetable gardens on the property.  They have access to metered electricity connections inside their homes and purchase electricity themselves. While they are not currently paying for water, they will do so in a few years’ time. The municipality collects refuse and has promised street lights and a tar road.


The farm dwellers relocated from their old homes to the new development. Their previous places of residence were redeveloped as self-catering accommodation. The photograph below is the previous home of a farm dweller that has not been renovated in the self-catering village.

In the coming months AFRA will explore hosting a follow up Dialogue on Services in the course of 2018. We will also be further developing practical strategies for improving access to services and securing tenure in consultation with farm dwellers in our upcoming learning workshop in April. By then we hope to be able to report on progress regarding inclusion of farm dwellers in municipal IDP planning processes.

AFRA News, Land News

A national dialogue to overhaul land reform


In 2007, amidst a fierce leadership battle, the African National Congress (ANC) passed a resolution regarding access to free higher education almost unnoticed by the general public and one may say, the ANC itself. That particular resolution would hamstring the party as the “Fees Must Fall” protest movement overtook institutions of higher learning over the recent period and would presage President Zuma’s announcement on the eve of the ANC’s 54th Conference of free tertiary education.

Unlike that resolution, the current resolution on land has both been hotly contested and keenly awaited. Whatever history will make of the results of the latest round of leadership battles in Africa’s oldest surviving liberation movement, we must admit that very little of the specifics of what has been resolved on this critical issue have been shared. The new leadership expressed itself as follows:

The issue of land has been a matter of great concern to our people whose land was taken from them. We will accelerate our programme of land reform and rural development as part of our programme of radical socio economic transformation. This Conference has resolved that the expropriation of land without compensation should be among the mechanisms available to government to give effect to land reform and redistribution. It has also resolved that in determining the mechanisms of implementation, we must ensure that we do not undermine the economy, agricultural production and food security.”

Cyril Ramaphosa, ANC President, 21st December 2017

The resolution by the ANC in respect of land at its 54th Conference is reflective of what it described as a condition of “land hunger and land anger”, which it seeks to remedy through the amendment to section 25 of the Constitution for expropriation of land for “public purpose”. The “modalities” will be decided by the incoming National Executive Committee, presumably at its next meeting.

Given the overwhelming evidence to the contrary, amending the Constitution to enable expropriation without compensation smacks of “the cure being worse than the disease”; a remedy, while popular, not in keeping with the diagnosis and certainly by itself incapable of curing the ill which it purports to address.

AFRA has long held the view that land redistribution should answer more basic questions: Redistribution from who, to who and for what purpose? The Constitution has been blamed for a crisis that is not inherent to itself nor a logical outcome of its provisions. Notions of what is and is not “fair” compensation needs legal elaboration. A full and proper elaboration of what a property right is also required to give effect to values of ownership and use which exist beyond a market value based system of ownership. These values are in embedded in the rights afforded labour tenants, farm dwellers and communal communities in legislation, but are of scant concern to the market based valuation system, to which the finger of blame has been pointed in the ANC resolution. Comprehensive overhaul of “land reform” is necessary if the real needs of people, which include the necessity of equity, justice and economic opportunity, are to be met in respect of “the land question”.

Organised agriculture has been united in raising alarm, uniformly drawing on the finding of High Level Panel chaired by former President Motlanthe. All of the attached statements make some reference to the emotive nature of the discussion of land in South Africa and express concerns regarding the economic impact of such a proposed Constitutional change, drawing particular attention to national food security, investor confidence and potential job losses.

The proposed amendment and the responses are, unfortunately, in keeping with the manner in which the question of land has been viewed in South Africa. The governing ANC has long used the land question as a signifier of race, particularly the continued inequalities between the black majority and white minority, born of systematic land dispossession of African people, as codified in the 1913 Native Land Act.

Organised agriculture has determinedly painted itself as the victim of inept government programmes and policies; as an unfairly contrived punching bag for all society’s ills. It has refuted claims of being an Apartheid enclave of master-servant relationships by pointing to its own transformation efforts, particularly various efforts at supporting emerging farmers.

South African society is polarized more or less consistently along racial lines when confronted with this issue. The underlying fissures in society – which extend much further than land per se – require a national dialogue if they are to be successfully addressed. For many South Africans section 25 remains the result of an unfair compromise between the empowered and disempowered and this amendment is viewed as a palpable move to redress that imbalance. The wide-ranging source of this discontent will itself not be resolved by the proposed amendment to the Constitution.

It is our view that a broader engagement between stakeholders can yield a framework which will enable a social compact to emerge giving effect to the Constitutional imperatives of redress, restitution and just and equitable socio-economic transformation. The necessity for a societal dialogue must firstly be recognized, then undertaken, in a determined and responsible manner.

Shared responsibility within a common framework is necessary to mobilize society as a whole to achieve these goals. A perception of unilateral and therefore, enforced land redistribution runs the very real danger of creating economic, social and political conflict which has the potential to tear society as a whole apart. A belligerent and bellicose response from the agricultural sector and its supporters, both political and economic, will surely be received as insensitive and inflammatory to many landless and rural communities, with similar outcomes of social unrest almost guaranteed.

It is our view that much can be drawn from the work of the High Level Panel. As the ANC NEC deliberates on the modalities, we would strongly urge that those should include a wide ranging, transparent and participatory consultative process which takes forward the work of the High Level Panel, necessarily expanding it to include the policy pronouncements of the 54th Conference. It is of great importance that the temptation to bring to bear undue economic or political pressure on governing party from side of South Africa’s elites is resisted and rejected, as much as it is necessary for the governing party to behave in a responsible and transparent manner when putting forward its plans, mindful of the deep suspicion and distrust with which it is currently viewed in society at large.

The process of addressing the very real socio-economic inequalities, among which agrarian transformation and reform are a priority, will not be fully achieved through legislative, Constitutional and policy changes alone. Failures within the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform are reality which must urgently be addressed. That the Department as a whole is an epic and tragic failure can surely no longer be ignored by the ANC if it wishes to take even the smallest step forward in persuading stakeholders of its bona fides in respect of land reform. Doing so requires not merely wide ranging pronouncements but detailed and specific reforms based on evidence and experience.

It is urgent that outstanding land claims, land donations and the audit of land ownership are completed expeditiously. AFRA remains deeply disturbed that labour tenant claims, which have been subject to protracted legal battles with the Department, remain unresolved.

These labour tenant claimants continue to work the land productively, yet they remain forgotten citizens. The recent SONA and budget speech did not speak specifically to the needs of this unique group which should be supported to become the bedrock of agrarian transformation. The audit of state owned land is also necessary to fast-track productive investment for small and emerging farmers, who do not necessarily require land ownership but could be accommodated through a range of other tenure arrangements. Corruption in land reform and the illicit transfer of ownership must be rooted out and stopped, including a number of high profile purchases which have occurred for the sole purpose of political patronage and self-enrichment at the expense of the state. We strongly support the President’s recent statement to take action to ensure no person in government is undermining implementation of deadlines set by the court. We hope the President will take action on the many court orders that the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform has failed to comply with, with regards to settling labour tenant claims.

All stakeholders agree, and we would concur, that meaningful engagement is required to achieve redress and equitable transformation in the agricultural sector. The social reality of people living and working in our rural and agricultural communities remains far too reminiscent of pre-democratic South Africa and these can no longer be ignored. Secure tenure and access to basic services are pressing concerns as well as generators of conflict to which all stakeholders can and must find effective solutions. Outdated and outmoded forms of property ownership can be overcome through an exploration of the many and varied alternatives which are possible.

AFRA believes that the ANC is sensitive to the complexity which is involved in undertaken meaningful redress for social justice and economic transformation in our rural and agricultural communities. We look forward to thorough and detailed engagement and would urge all stakeholders to uphold the values of the South African Constitution as we collectively shape a new process of shared and equitable agricultural rebirth, in which all are secure, protected and prosperous. The injustices and failures of the past can and must be removed as impediments to our shared future. A renewed land reform and agrarian transformation agenda which embraces change is vital for creating a solid foundation for our economy, our people and our environment.

AFRA News, Labour tenants

Help us complete 104-year-old Zabalaza Mshengu’s house.



Zabalaza Mshengu observes the building progress on his new house.

Last year in December, AFRA reported the progress in building 104-year-old Zabalaza Mshengu a house. (Read about Mshengu We also appealed to the public to continue to make donations to the Mshengu Building Fund. We are very grateful to the public for the support and donations they have continued to make towards this cause.

The AFRA team and other volunteers continued the building over the Christmas holidays. The walls of the house are now up, however the roof has not been completed because the team ran short of materials to complete it.

To complete the house, we need your help. So that when the heavy rains and the winter season come, Baba Mshengu will be safe and warm.  We again, request your support in bringing comfort and dignity to his life.

At our last visit we were very sad to find Mshengu in a very dire condition, his health is deteriorating and we had to take him to the local clinic to get him some medical attention. We appeal to the local caregivers in Ashburton to assist in this case by visiting Mshengu at his home and attend to his health needs.

Donations can be made to the account below or cash or in-kind donations given to our Receptionist, Faith. For more information or to get involved, please contact Nokuthula on / 033 345 7607.

Name of Account: Association for Rural Advancement
Reference: Mshengu
Bank: First National Bank
Acc no: 50950020963
Branch Code: 223125

Legal Process in resolving Mshengu’s land claim:

Zabalaza Mshengu’s land claim remains unfortunately unresolved. AFRA continues to engage the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform (DRDLR) to push for the finalisation of the claim.  In July 2017, the court ordered that the landowners and the Director General for the DRDLR appoints the land valuers within 30 days of the order. The DRDLR to date has failed to comply with that order.